After wending their way through a convoluted, controversial five-year process, new regulations for Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale drillers are set to take effect Saturday.

The intense political battle has been unlike anything Kurt Klapkowski has seen in his more than 20-year career at the state Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Over the years, there have been efforts to slow down the process, or weaken and eliminate sections of the rules.

“It’s a highly contentious issue,” says Klapkowski, who directs DEP’s Bureau of Oil and Gas Planning and Program Management. “We tried to be analytical and professional and divorce ourselves from those political processes as much as possible. It’s been a lot of effort by the department to get to this day. We’re very excited to see this go through.”

The regulations are scheduled to be published in The Pennsylvania Bulletin on Friday. This marks the first time they’ve been updated since 2001. Major changes include tougher standards around waste management and replacing damaged water supplies. The rules also add a requirement for drillers to locate orphaned and abandoned wells before commencing new operations. Another section allows DEP to give greater scrutiny of well permit applications near public resources, such as parks—although that’s currently being challenged by an industry trade group.

Klapkowski says some people may have forgotten, but many changes were directly inspired by the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission–a group convened by former Republican Governor Tom Corbett.

“A lot of what’s in this rule-making reflects the work of that commission,” he says. “It’s been a long time coming.”

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This story comes from our content partner StateImpact Pennsylvania, a collaboration between WITF and WHYY covering the fiscal and environmental impact of Pennsylvania’s booming energy economy.