Parks, trails and even public swimming pools all over the country are funded by a federal program that many Americans have never even heard about, and it’s about to expire. The Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) was established by Congress in 1964, and it is funded with royalty payments from the oil and gas industry. But the Trump administration’s proposed budget nearly zeros out money for the LWCF, and Congress must reauthorize the program before it sunsets on September 30, or it could go away altogether. In response, conservationists are mobilizing to save it.
As the Pennsylvania Outreach Coordinator for the National Wildlife Federation, Ed Perry is one of those lobbying to permanently reauthorize and fully fund it at $900 million dollars a year. The Allegheny Front’s Kara Holsopple talked to Perry to learn more about the LWCF, and why it’s on the chopping block.
Ed Perry: I call the Land and Water Conservation Fund the best conservation program that most people have never heard of. The purpose was to preserve, create, and ensure access to outdoor recreation facilities to strengthen the health of all Americans.
Over the past 50 years or so, 40,000 projects all across the country have been funded. Here in Pennsylvania, there have been 1,500 projects funded to the tune of $315 million dollars: expansions of state game lands, access to streams for fishermen, playgrounds, swimming pools, expansions of Rails to Trails — anything you can think to do with outdoor recreation has likely got some Land and Water Conservation Fund money in it.
LISTEN to the full conversation about the Land and Water Conservation Fund
Kara Holsopple: I believe the land for the Flight 93 National Memorial was purchased with this fund.
EP: Yes, that’s exactly right. There’s $10 million dollars in the Flight 93 Memorial. Just about all the Civil War battlefields, like Gettysburg, also have Land and Water Conservation Fund money in them, too.
KH: So this program is set to sunset on September 30th. Is there really a danger that it won’t be reauthorized by Congress?
EP: We never know what this Congress will do. There appears to still be some strong bipartisan support on this. There’s no taxpayer dollars in this. This is like a no-brainer for us to take action on. Today, we have this great program that has benefited so many Americans. This program is the reason why their kids can go to parks. It’s also why we have great national parks. Yellowstone, the Everglades, and Acadia all have Land and Water Conservation Fund money in them.
KH: But what do you say to critics of the program, like the conservative Heritage Foundation, who say the fund has been popular with lawmakers because they associate it with those local parks, but that it expands federal land and federal control over land and water that would be better managed by state and local officials?
EP: Some of these legislators have advocated that they take over these public lands or sell them off. There has been pushback within their own legislatures saying there is no way that [their states] have the taxpayer dollars to manage these lands like the federal government has done. And the only reason they want to sell these lands off is to open them up for oil and gas drilling, mineral extraction and timbering.
Some of the LWCF Funded Places in Pennsylvania
Allegheny National Forest
Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
Flight 93 Memorial
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Gettysburg National Military Park
John Heinz Tinicum National Wildlife Refuge
Johnstown Flood Memorial
Valley Forge National Historic Park
Photo (top): The Flight 93 National Memorial in Shanksville, PA. LWCF funded almost 90 percent of the Memorial which honors the passengers on the flight that crashed there on Sept. 11, 2001. Credit: U.S. Department of Interior
This story is part of our series, Wild Pennsylvania, which is funded by the Richard King Mellon Foundation. To check out the other stories in the series, click here.